Assalamualaikum warahmatullah wabarkaatuhu
please sheiks in this platform with due respect I want to ask in Islamic concept what is holy Spirit, thanks.
Waalaikum salaam warahmatullah.
The word “Holy Spirit” appears four times in the Quran, 2:87and 253 suratul Ma’idah 5: 110 and An-Nahl 16: 102.
In three instances, it is described as the means by which God “strengthened” Jesus, and in the fourth it is identified as the one brought down God’s truth to His prophets.
Some scholars of Tasfeer translated Ruhul Qudus (Holy Spirit) as the “faithful/trustworthy spirit” (al-ruh al-amin) who is said to have brought down the Quran.
Others viewed it as identical with the created spirit described as the means by which God brought Adam to life (e.g., 15:29), made Mary conceive Jesus 21:91 and inspired angels and prophets (e.g., 17:85).
The spirit who together with “the angels” descends and ascends to God (16:2, 70:4, 97:4) was also identified with Gabriel in Quranic commentaries.
Thus, the figure of Gabriel became a focus of theological reflection on the content of revelation and the nature of cognition itself, with distinctions articulated between reason, prophetic revelation, and mystical knowledge.
Again in sura 17:85
وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الرُّوحِ قُلِ الرُّوحُ مِنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّي
And they ask you concerning the Ruh (the spirit).
Say:”The Ruh (the spirit) is one of the things, the knowledge of which is only with my Lord…”
Refer to Al Imam Al Hafiz Ibn Kathir’s Tasfeer called Al misbahul munir… for more details…